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dc.contributor.advisorChoque Jiménez, Bregy Hassler
dc.creatorValdés Uribe, Juan David
dc.identifier.citationValdés, J. (2019) Desempeño de materiales cementantes suplementarios en resistencia a compresión e hidratación en pastas de cemento (Tesis de pregrado). Universidad Santo Tomás, Villavicenciospa
dc.descriptionDebido a las grandes emisiones de dióxido de carbono que genera la industria cementera, se ha investigado el uso de residuos agroindustriales como remplazos parciales del cemento, llamados materiales cementantes suplementarios. El propósito de este estudio es evaluar el desempeño de varios materiales cementantes suplementarios (Cenizas volantes, ceniza de cascarilla de arroz, ceniza de lodos de alcantarilla y relaves de cobre) como remplazo parcial en pastas de cemento en varios niveles de remplazo. Se utilizó polvo de roca químicamente inerte para comparar el efecto físico. Se realizaron ensayos de análisis de distribución de partícula y termo gravimetría para caracterizar los materiales, se realizaron ensayos de resistencia a compresión en pastas de cemento para comparar el desempeño en edades tempranas y tardías, calorimetrías isotérmicas para medir la actividad hidráulica y la interacción de cemento con los materiales cementantes suplementarios, además, se utilizó el método R3 para estimar la actividad puzolánica de los materiales. Los materiales presentaron buenos desempeños en los dos niveles de remplazo, la ceniza de lodos residuales y la ceniza de cascarilla de arroz destacaron por su contribución a la ganancia de resistencia a edades tempranas y tardías. Así mismo, la ceniza volante de clase F presentó muy buen desempeño a la edad de 90 días. Los materiales más con mejores resultados en el ensayo R3 lograron la mayor cantidad de calor añadido en las calorimetrías de interacción de cemento y materiales cementantes
dc.description.abstractDue to the large CO2 emissions generated by the cement industry, the use of agro industrial wastes as partial replacements of cement called supplementary cementing materials has been investigated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of a wide range of supplementary cementing materials (fly ash, rice husk ash, sewage sludge ash and copper tailings) as partial replacement in cement pastes at various replacement levels. Chemically inert rock dust was used to compare the physical effect. Tests of particle zise distribution and thermogravimetry were carried out to characterize the materials, compression tests were performed on cement pastes to compare the performance at early and late ages, isothermal calorimetries were carried out to measure the hydraulic activity and interaction between cement and supplementary cementing materials, the R3 method was used to estimate the pozzolanic activity of the materials. The materials presented good performances at the two replacement levels, sewage sludge ash and rice husk ash showed prominent results for their contribution to the gain of resistance at both early and late ages. Likewise, Class F fly ash presented very good performance at the age of 90 days. The materials with the best results in the R3 procedure achieved the highest amount of added heat in the interaction calorimetries of cement and supplementary cementing
dc.publisherUniversidad Santo Tomásspa
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial 2.5 Colombia*
dc.sourceinstname:Universidad Santo Tomásspa
dc.sourcereponame:Repositorio Institucional Universidad Santo Tomásspa
dc.subjectMateriales cementantes suplementariosspa
dc.subjectActividad hidráulicaspa
dc.subjectActividad puzolánicaspa
dc.subjectEfecto físicospa
dc.titleDesempeño de materiales cementantes suplementarios en resistencia a compresión e hidratación en pastas de
dc.typeFormación de Recurso Humano para la Ctel: Trabajo de grado de Pregradospa
dc.creator.degreeIngeniero Civilspa
dc.publisher.programPregrado Ingeniería Civilspa
dc.publisher.departmentFacultad de Ingeniería Civilspa
dc.subject.keywordSupplementary cementing materialsspa
dc.subject.keywordHydraulic activityspa
dc.subject.keywordPozzolanic activityspa
dc.subject.keywordFiller effectspa
dc.subject.lembResistencia de materialesspa
dc.subject.lembIngeniería civilspa
dc.subject.lembTesis y disertaciones académicasspa
dc.type.spaTrabajo de gradospa
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto Completo)spa
dc.description.sedeCRAI-USTA Villavicenciospa
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Atribución-NoComercial 2.5 Colombia
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