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dc.contributor.advisorRodríguez Gómez, Martha Julianaspa
dc.contributor.authorFallad Pérez, Geimyspa
dc.contributor.authorBotello Velasco, Wendy Nathaliespa
dc.contributor.authorCote Plata, Melissa Lilianaspa
dc.contributor.authorVergara Higuita, Angelica Patriciaspa
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-02T21:56:30Zspa
dc.date.available2020-12-02T21:56:30Zspa
dc.date.issued2020-11-30spa
dc.identifier.citationFallad Pérez, G, Botello Velasco, W, Cote Plata, M, Vergara Higuita, A. (2020). Recuento de Unidades Formadoras de Colonias de Streptococcus mutans antes y durante el tratamiento de ortodoncia en pacientes atendidos en la Universidad Santo Tomás en 2019-2020: un estudio piloto. [Tesis de especialización]. Universidad Santo Tomás, Bucaramanga, Colombiaspa
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11634/31035spa
dc.descriptionAntecedentes: algunos estudios han investigado la relación entre la presencia de aparatología ortodóncica fija y el cambio en el recuento de Unidades Formadoras de Colonias (UFC) de Streptococcus mutans, al argumentar que ésta produce cambios en la microflora bucal debido al aumento de retención de placa y altera las características salivales del paciente que se relacionan con la aparición de caries dental y enfermedad periodontal. Sin embargo, algunos resultados siguen siendo contradictorios. Objetivo: Determinar el recuento de UFC de Streptococcus mutans en saliva antes y durante el tratamiento de ortodoncia en pacientes que asisten a las Clínicas Odontológicas de la Universidad Santo Tomás durante el 2019-2020. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal tipo panel en siete individuos de ambos sexos sin limitación de edad que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión, de una muestra inicial de 21 pacientes de los cuales solo se obtuvieron los datos descriptivos. Se recolectó la saliva de los participantes y se midió el flujo salival estimulado, el pH bucal por medio de tiras de papel, el pH salival, la capacidad buffer, y el recuento de UFC de Streptococcus mutans por medio de diluciones seriadas 1:3 tubos y siembra por duplicado. Se calcularon proporciones para las variables cualitativas, medidas de tendencia central y dispersión para las cuantitativas. En el análisis bivariado, se utilizó la prueba de grupos pareados de Wilcoxon. Un valor de p<0,05 fue considerado como estadísticamente significativo. Resultados: Se encontró que hubo cambios notorios en el recuento de UFC de Streptococcus mutans entre las doce y veinte semanas del tratamiento de ortodoncia (9,5 vs 80) sin relevancia desde una perspectiva estadística (p= 6715). En cuanto a lo relacionado con los niveles del flujo salival estimulado (p= 0,1493), pH salival (p=0,7353), pH bucal (p=0,6547) y capacidad buffer (p=0,4990) no se observó diferencia estadísticamente significativa. Conclusiones: Se evidenció un aumento en el recuento de unidades Formadoras de Colonias de Streptococcus mutans durante el tratamiento de ortodoncia, sin embargo, no se obtuvo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa, además se determinó que los valores del flujo salival estimulado, pH salival y bucal, capacidad buffer fueron similares antes y después de colocada la aparatología ortodóncica.spa
dc.description.abstractBackground: Some studies have assessed the relationship between the presence of fixed orthodontic appliances and the changes of Colony Forming Units (CFU) counts of Streptococcus mutans, arguing that this produces changes in the oral microflora due to increased plaque retention, and it alters the patient’s salivary characteristics, which are related to the appearance of dental caries and periodontal disease. However, some results remain contradictory. Objective: To determine the CFU of Streptococcus mutans before and during orthodontic treatment in patients who attend the Dental Clinics at Universidad Santo Tomás during 2019-2020. Methodology: A longitudinal panel-type study was carried out in seven individuals of both sexes, without age limitation, who met the inclusion criteria of an initial sample of 21 patients, from whom only descriptive data were obtained. Participants' saliva was collected, and stimulated salivary flow was measured, as well as the oral pH using paper strips, the salivary pH, the buffer capacity, and the CFU count of Streptococcus mutans through serial dilutions 1:3 tubes and seed in duplicate. Proportions for the qualitative variables were calculated, measures of central tendency and dispersion for the quantitative ones. In the bivariate analysis, the Wilcoxon paired group test was used. A p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: It was found that there were noticeable changes in the CFU counts of Streptococcus mutans between the twelve and the twenty weeks of the orthodontic treatment (9.5 vs 80) without a significant statistically difference (p = 6715). In relation to the levels of stimulated salivary flow (p = 0.1493), salivary pH (p = 0.7353), buccal pH (p = 0.6547) and buffer capacity (p = 0.4990), no statistically significant difference was observed. Conclusions: An increase in the salivary Colony Forming Units counts of Streptococcus mutans was observed during the orthodontic treatment, however, no statistically significant difference was obtained. Likewise, it was determined that the values of the stimulated salivary flow, salivary and buccal pH and buffer capacity were similar before and after the orthodontic appliances were placed.spa
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfspa
dc.language.isospaspa
dc.publisherUniversidad Santo Tomásspa
dc.titleRecuento de Unidades Formadoras de Colonias de Streptococcus mutans antes y durante el tratamiento de ortodoncia en pacientes atendidos en la Universidad Santo Tomás en 2019-2020: un estudio pilotospa
dc.typeFormación de Recurso Humano para la Ctel: Trabajo de grado de Especializaciónspa
dc.description.degreenameEspecialista en Ortodonciaspa
dc.publisher.programEspecialización Ortodonciaspa
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Odontologíaspa
dc.subject.keywordStreptococcus mutansspa
dc.subject.keywordSalivaspa
dc.subject.keywordOrthodontics.spa
dc.subject.lembInfecciones microbacterianasspa
dc.subject.lembOrtodoncia preventivaspa
dc.subject.lembOrtodoncia-instrumentosspa
dc.subject.lembStreptococcusspa
dc.subject.lembBacteriología de la bocaspa
dc.type.localTrabajo de gradospa
dc.rights.localAbierto (Texto Completo)spa
dc.type.versionhttp://purl.org/coar/version/c_ab4af688f83e57aaspa
dc.rights.accessrightshttp://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_abf2spa
dc.coverage.campusCRAI-USTA Bucaramangaspa
dc.description.domainhttp://www.ustabuca.edu.co/ustabmanga/presentacionspa
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dc.subject.proposalStreptococcus mutansspa
dc.subject.proposalSalivaspa
dc.subject.proposalOrtodonciaspa
dc.identifier.reponamereponame:Repositorio Institucional Universidad Santo Tomásspa
dc.identifier.instnameinstname:Universidad Santo Tomásspa
dc.description.degreelevelEspecializaciónspa
dc.identifier.repourlrepourl:https://repository.usta.edu.cospa


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